Hello! This week I am going to share a little knowledge I have gained while researching for Roy and the Rhino. When we began this project I had no real understanding of the different types of rhinos that existed (for a little longer anyway), or how close to extinction most types really are. The image above shows the 5 types and how much they all differ, from head shape and size, to number of horns and length etc... From left to right they are the White, Black, Indian, Javan, and Sumatran. The diagram below shows their size relations. I found some information about the threat of extinction these rhinos face from the savingrhinos.org website. I am giving just a bit of info, you should visit the site to find out more.
Black Rhinos are slowly recovering from a 96% decline in population, and are now up to about 4,860 surviving today, thanks to conservation efforts. It is shocking to consider that as recently as 1970, there were approximately 65,000 Black Rhinos in Africa. Due to poaching, those numbers decreased sharply to 2,300 remaining in the wild.
White Rhinos are divided into two distinct subspecies: The Northern White Rhino and the Southern White Rhino. The Southern White Rhino is the least endangered of the living kinds of rhino, with a population of about 20,600.
Unfortunately, the Northern White Rhino is feared extinct in the wild, as reported on June 17, 2008. There are only eight known Northern White Rhinos in the world.
Indian (Greater One-Horned) Rhino
The Indian, a.k.a. the Greater One-Horned Rhino, or Nepalese Rhino numbers approximately 2,949 today, due to conservation efforts. Earlier in the 20th century, less than 200 Indian Rhinos were remaining. Strict protection efforts by Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities have been instrumental in the recovery of the Indian Rhino. Unfortunately, poaching has increased in recent years due to political instability in Nepal, causing the rhino population to decrease by 31% since 2000.
With fewer than 50 Javan Rhinos surviving in only two known locations, the Javan Rhino is quite possibly the most critically endangered mammal on earth. The Javan Rhino is at significant risk of extinction, due to poaching and habitat loss.
The Sumatran Rhino, a.k.a. the Hairy Rhino, has suffered a 50% decline in numbers over the last 15 years, due to poaching. Additionally, the rhinos' habitat has been destroyed by development and agriculture. Several conservation groups are working to save the Sumatran Rhino, implementing protection of habitat, strengthening anti-poaching efforts, trade monitoring of rhino horns, protected area management, and awareness programs.
Way to go citizens of earth!!! These statistics are pretty depressing, there are some positive actions taking place, but is it too late? We get pretty bummed out over here at 4C's knowing this is really happening . It is sad to think that this generation will be held responsible for such a cruel and selfish act. We hope to reach more people and raise some awareness.